Removal of overactive parathyroid glands

The parathyroid glands are four tiny tan-coloured glands, each the size of a rice grain, found just behind the thyroid gland, which itself is found at the front of your neck. The parathyroid gland secretes parathyroid hormone to control calcium levels in your body. If the parathyroid glands produce too much parathyroid hormone then high calcium levels can cause problems such as forgetfulness, thin bones and kidney stones.

For most patients, the problem is caused by just one gland and can be cured by removing it with a small 1-2cm incision in the neck, called a Minimally Invasive Parathyroidectomy. Other times all four glands may need to be explored to treat the problem.